Introduction to PSUs


PSUs (Public Sector Undertakings)
The government owned corporations are termed as Public sector Undertakings (PSUs) in India. In a PSU majority (51% or more) of the paid share capital is held by central government or by any state government or partly by the central government and partly by one or more state governments. Several Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) under the aegis of Government of India regularly provide tremendous employment opportunities in various technical and management areas.
Maharatna PSUs: Maharatna is the status given to top public sector enterprises where the companies have the authority to make foreign investments of upto Rs 5,000 crores without taking any government approval. To be qualified as Maharatna, the company should gain an annual net profit of over Rs. 5,000 crores, net worth of Rs. 15,000 crores and turnover of Rs. 25,000 crores over past three consecutive years. At present the companies which have Maharatna status are: SAIL, ONGC, NTPC, CIL, IOCL, BHEL and GAIL.
Navratna PSUs: Navratna status is conferred to the companies by the Department of Public Enterprises. To be qualified as a Navratna, the company must obtain a score of 60 out of 100. The score is based on six parameters which include net profit to net worth, total manpower cost to total cost of production or cost of services, PBDIT (Profit before depreciation, interest and taxes) to capital employed, PBDIT to turnover, EPS (Earning per Share) and inter-sectoral performance. Additionally, a company must first be a Miniratna and have four independent directors on its board before it can be made a Navratna. The Navratna status gives privileges to enhance financial and operational autonomy and empowers to invest up to Rs. 1000 crores or 15% of their net worth on a single project without seeking government approval. In a year, these companies can spend up to 30% of their net worth not exceeding Rs. 1000 crores. They will also have the freedom to enter joint ventures, form alliances and float subsidiaries abroad.

How to Prepare for PSUs?


PSUs Entrance Exam Question Paper mainly consists of two major sections:
Technical Section: Subject specialization of the related stream
Non-Technical Section: General Awareness, Current Affairs, English Language, Reasoning & Aptitude.
Hence to crack PSUs competitive exam, candidate should prepare for both technical and non-technical sections, where 50% to 70% questions are from technical and remaining questions from non-technical sections.
  • Be aware of exam pattern of different PSUs like number of technical questions, number of non-technical questions, negative marking, exam duration, marks per question etc.
  • Always make it a habit of referring to previous year question papers.
  • Prefer Reference books for derivations, equations, conceptual thought process, theory etc.
  • Use shortcut techniques for numerical solving instead of traditional methods to save time.
  • Practice previous year question papers and analyze the weak topics and concentrate more on those topics. Always try to solve question papers in a given time frame to obtain an idea as how many questions you are able to solve in given limits.

Group Discussion Round: Group Discussion is a crucial round conducted for shortlisted candidates. Good communication skills, topic knowledge, team spirit, leadership qualities, patience level and presence of mind are the major parameters to be considered.

Personal Interview: The personal interview is conducted to judge the personality of a candidate. Sound technical knowledge, positive attitude, body language, good communication skills play an important role to clear personal interviews. Candidates should be prepared with questions about their strengths and weaknesses and answer all questions confidently.


PSUs Exam Pattern


Organization Post Exam Pattern Related links
BSNL JTO Written Test- Objective

Set A :Engg stream

(50 questions)

Set B: Engg stream

(50 questions)

Section C: General

Ability Test (20 questions)

www.bsnl.co.in
NTPC Executive Trainees Written Test –

GATE Exam

Set A: 55questions

(Engg Stream)

Set B: 35 questions

(Executive Aptitude Test)

Negative marking: ¼ marks

Group Discussion

Personal Interview

www.ntpccareers.net
BHEL Engineer Trainees Written test-objective

GATE Exam

Personal Interview

www.bhel.com/
ONGC Graduate Trainees Written test

(Objective and Subjective)

Psychometric test and PI

www.ongcindia.com

PSUs Salary Structure


ORGANIZATION SECTOR STATUS SALARY STRUCTURE
Oil & Natural

Gas Corporation

Limited (ONGC)

Petroleum &

Natural Gas

Maharatna Rs. 24,900-50,500
Indian Oil Corporation

Limited (IOCL)

Petroleum &

Natural Gas

Maharatna Rs. 23,000-46,500
National Thermal

Power Corporation

Limited (NTPC)

Power Maharatna Rs. 24,900-50,500
Steel Authority

of India Limited

(SAIL)

Steel and Iron Maharatna Rs.20,600-46500
Coal India

Limited

Mining

 

Maharatna Rs.20,600-46500
Bharat Petroleum

Corporation Limited

(BPCL)

Petroleum &

Natural Gas

Navratna Rs. 23,000-46,500
Gas Authority of

India Limited (GAIL)

Petroleum &

Natural Gas

Navratna Rs. 24,900-50,500
Hindustan Petroleum

Corporation Limited

(HPCL)

Petroleum &

Natural Gas

Navratna Rs. 24,900-50,500
Oil India

Limited (OIL)

Petroleum &

Natural Gas

Navratna Rs. 24,900-50,500
Power Grid

Corporation of

India Limited (PGCIL)

Power Navratna Rs. 24,900-50,500
Bharat Electronics

Limited (BEL)

Defense Navratna Rs. 16,400-40,500
Hindustan

Aeronautics

Limited (HAL)

Defense Navratna Rs 16500-40500
National Mineral

Development

Corporation

Limited

(NMDC)

Steel and Iron Navratna Rs. 16,400-40,500
Mahanagar

Telephone Nigam

Limited (MTNL)

Communication

& IT

Navratna Rs. 24,900-50,500
Power Finance

Corporation Limited

Finance Navratna Rs. 24,900-50,500

 

National Aluminum

Company

Limited (NALCO)

Mining Navratna Rs. 16,400-40,500
Shipping Corporation

of India Limited

Shipping Navratna Rs.20,600-46500
Rural Electrification

Corporation Limited

Power Navratna Rs.20500-26500
Bharat Earth

Movers Limited

(BEML Limited )

Defense Mini-Ratna Rs. 16,400-40,500
Mazagaon Docks

Limited (MDL)

Defense Mini-Ratna Rs. 16,400-40,500
 

Engineers India

Limited (EIL)

Petroleum

& Natural Gas

Mini-Ratna Rs.20,600-46500
Bharat Sanchar

Nigam Limited (BSNL)

Communication

& IT

Mini-Ratna Rs. 16,400-40,500
RITES Infrastructure Mini-Ratna Rs. 16,400-40,500

 

 

National Hydroelectric

Power Corporation

(NHPC) Limited

Power Mini-Ratna Rs.20,600-46500
Airport Authority

Of India Limited

(AAI)

Civil Aviation

 

Mini-Ratna Rs. 16,400-40,500
Indian Space

Research

Organization (ISRO)

Department

of Space

Govt. of India Rs. 15,600-39,100
Defense Research

& Development

Organization (DRDO)

Defense Govt. of India Rs. 15,600-39,100
Bhabha Atomic

Research

Centre (BARC)

Department

of Atomic

Energy

Govt. of India Rs. 15,600-39,100
Electronics Corporation

of India Limited (ECIL)

Department

of Atomic

Energy

Govt. of India Rs. 16,400-40,500
Delhi Metro Rail

Corporation (DMRC)

Transportation Govt. of India Rs.20,600-46500

PSUs Percentage Criteria


PSUs Percentage Criteria
ORGANIZATION STREAMS APPLICABLE PERCENTAGE
GEN OBC SC/ST PH
Bridge & Roof

co. (I) Ltd

EE, ME, CE 70 70 60 60
BHEL EC, EE, ME, MT 65 65 60 60
ONGC ECE, EE, ME, CE, CS,

IN, CH, 

65 65 60 60
NTPC EC, EE, ME, EC,

CS, IN

65 65 55 55
SAIL EC ,EE,ME,CS, IN, CH,

Metallurgy, Ceramics

65 65 50 50
IOCL EC, EE, ME, CE,

CS, IN

65 65 55 55
ISRO EC, EE, ME, CS 65 65 65 65
PGCIL EC, EE, CE, CS 65 65 Pass Pass
HAL EC, EE, ME,

Industrial, Production

CS, IN

65 60 60 60
NALCO  EE, ME, CS, IT, C&I, 

 Civil, Chemical,

Metallurgy, Mining,

65 65 55 55
GAIL EC, EE, ME, CS,

IN, CH

65 65 60 60
DRDO EC, ME, EE,

CS, CH

60 60 55 55
DMRC EC, EE, ME, CE 60 60 55 55
GAIL ME, IN, CH 60 60 60 60
BPCL ME, CS, IN  60 60 55 55
MTNL EC, EE, CS, IT 60 60 55 55
HPCL EC, EE, ME, CE,

IN, CH

60 60 50 50
BEL EC, EE, ME, CE, CS,

CH, Telecommunication

60 60 Pass Pass
BARC  EC,ME, CS, CH,

 Instrumentation,

Metallurgy, & Control Engg

60 60 60 55
Indian Railways EC, EE, ME, CE, 

CS or M.sc in Chemistry

or Applied Chemistry,

Metallurgy, CH

60 60 55 55
ECIL EC, EE, ME, CE,

CS, E&I

60 60 50 50
VIZAG STEEL EC, EE, ME, CE, CH,

 IN, Ceramics,

CH, Metallurgy

60 60 50 50
NHPC EE, ME, CE 60 60 50 50
SJVNL EC, EE, ME, Civil,

IT

55 50 50 50
BSNL Telecommunication,

EC, Radio, CS,

EE, IT, CE

BHARATI PRASAR EC, EE, IT

PSUs Age Criteria


ORGANIZATION
AGE CRITERIA
Gen
OBC
SC/ST
PH
Bridge & Roof
co. (I) Ltd
24 years
24-27 years
29 years
29 years-General
32 years-OBC
34 years- SC/ST
BHEL
27 years
27-30 years
32 years
32 years-General
35 years-OBC
37 years- SC/ST
ONGC
30 years
30-33 years
35 years
35 years-General
38 years-OBC
40 years- SC/ST
NTPC
27 years
27-30 years
32 years
32 years-General
35 years-OBC
37 years-SC/ST
SAIL
30 years
30-33 years
35 years
35 years-General
38 years-OBC
40 years- SC/ST
IOCL
26 years
26-29 years
31 years
31 years-General
34 years-OBC
36 years- SC/ST
ISRO
28 years
28-31 years
33 years
33 years-General
36 years-OBC
38 years- SC/ST
PGCIL
28 years
28-31 years
33 years
33 years-General
36 years-OBC
38 years- SC/ST
HAL
28 years
28-31 years
33 years
33 years-General
36 years-OBC
38 years- SC/ST
NALCO
30 years
30-33 years
35 years
35 years-General
38 years-OBC
40 years- SC/ST
GAIL
28 years
28-31 years
33 years
33 years-General
36 years-OBC
38 years- SC/ST
DRDO
28 years
28-31 years
33 years
33 years-General
36 years-OBC
38 years- SC/ST
DMRC
28 years
28-31 years
33 years
33 years-General
36 years-OBC
38 years- SC/ST
GAIL
26 years
26-29 years
31 years
31 years-General
34 years-OBC
36 years- SC/ST
BPCL
28 years
28-31 years
33 years
33 years-General
36 years-OBC
38 years- SC/ST
MTNL
30 years
30-33 years
35 years
35 years-General
38 years-OBC
40 years- SC/ST
HPCL
25 years
25-28 years
30 years
30 years-General
33 years-OBC
35 years- SC/ST
BEL
25 years
25-28 years
30 years
30 years-General
33 years-OBC
35 years- SC/ST
BARC
28 years
28-31 years
33 years
33 years-General
36 years-OBC
38 years- SC/ST
Indian Railways
22 to 35 age
Group
22 to 35 age
group + relaxable
upto 3 years
22 to 35 age
group +relaxable
by 5 years
22 to 35 age group +
5 years-General
8 years-OBC
10 years- SC/ST
VIZAG STEEL
25 years
25-28 years
30 years
30 years-General
33 years-OBC
35 years- SC/ST
NHPC
30 years
30-33 years
35 years
35 years-General
38 years-OBC
40 years- SC/ST
BSNL
30 years
30-33 years
35 years
35 years-General
38 years-OBC
40 years- SC/ST
PRASAR
BHARATI
27 years
27-30 years
32 years
32 years-General
35 years-OBC
37 years-SC/ST